Two classes of drugs are available for use as urate-lowering agents in gout (if your uric acid comes out to be high). The first is xanthine oxidase inhibitors, which block metabolic steps in the synthetic pathway of uric acid. Drugs are allopurinol and febuxostat. The other class of drugs are uricosurics, such as probenecid, which act to increase renal (kidney) uric acid secretion. Other uricosurics medicines are sulfinpyrazone and benzbromarone.
Colchicine is taken for the acute attack.
In addition to the standard agents other drugs have been found to have salutary effects on serum uric acid. Vitamin C has shown to have a mild urate-lowering effect at a dose of 500 mg daily. Fenofibrate, losartan or amlodipine have been demonstrated to have mild uricosuric effects.
Following measures will prevent the further attack of gout ;
1) Avoid alcohol and sweetened drinks, preserved fruit juices
2) Plenty of liquids and water
3) Avoid Organ meats, poultry, sea-food
4) Pulses and lentils avoidance
Milk and yogurt are beneficial in the gout. Please see the slide show and dietary measures in this resource;
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