Genital herpes can lie dormant in the body for many years.
It means once you have HSV-2, the virus hides within nerve cells and remains in the body. It can remain "asleep" (dormant) for a long time.
So it is not necessary that the infection is recent one.
It is possible to have the infection from a partner in the past.
It is also possible to acquire genital herpes from someone who may not even know that they have it.
Many individuals shed virus (and can therefore transmit it) and not even have any symptoms. This is known as asymptomatic shedding.
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