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The Urinary system and body fluids. 1. Which answer below

Resolved Question:

The Urinary system and body fluids.
1. Which answer below includes three organ systems that perform excretion? (Points: 5)
The cardiovascular system, the digestive system, and the urinary system
The digestive system, the skeletal system, and the respiratory system
The digestive system, the respiratory system, and the urinary system
The digestive system, the nervous system, and the urinary system


2. Which answer below best describes the direction of urinary flow after urine leaves the kidney? (Points: 5)
It travels into the bladder, through the ureters, and through the urethra.
It travels through the ureters, into the bladder, and through the urethra.
It travels through the urethra, into the bladder, and through the ureters.
It travels through the ureters, through the urethra, and into the bladder.


3. Which answer below best describes the location of the kidneys in relation to the peritoneum? (Points: 5)
They are inside the peritoneum.
They are above the peritoneum.
They are behind the peritoneum.
They are in front of the peritoneum.


4. Once urine is formed, in which of the following sequences does it pass through the kidneys? (Points: 5)
Renal pyramid, major calyx, minor calyx, renal pelvis, and ureter
Renal pyramid, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, and ureter
Renal pyramid, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, and urethra
Renal pyramid, renal cortex, minor calyx, major calyx, and ureter


5. The renal pyramids are located in the: (Points: 5)
medulla.
calyces.
cortex.
renal pelvis.


6. When fluid leaves the afferent arteriole, where does it go next? (Points: 5)
Bowman's capsule
Efferent arteriole
Glomerulus
PCT


7. Which structures are responsible for reabsorbing all the useful organic molecules from filtrate, reabsorbing over 90% of the water in filtrate, and secreting into the tubular fluid any waste products missed by the filtration process? (Points: 5)
Bowman's capsule and the collecting duct
The loop of Henle and PCT and DCT
The juxtaglomerular apparatus and the collecting duct
The glomerulus and Bowman's capsule


8. What part of the kidney responds to low blood pressure? (Points: 5)
The cortex
The nephron
The medulla
The juxtaglomerular apparatus


9. __________, produced during the catabolism of amino acids, is the most abundant metabolic waste products. (Points: 5)
Urea
Creatinine
Uric acid
Urine


10. If blood pressure drops, the GFR __________, and the production of renin __________. (Points: 5)
increases; increases
increases; decreases
decreases; decreases
decreases; increases


11. When blood pressure is too high, kidneys: (Points: 5)
release atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP).
release erythropoietin.
release antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
prevent renin production.


12. Where is the final composition of urine complete? (Points: 5)
In the collecting duct and ureter
In the DCT and collecting duct
In the nephron and ureter
In the ureter and bladder


13. What makes urination a voluntary process? (Points: 5)
The muscular features of the bladder
The stretch receptors in the body
The internal sphincter of the bladder
The external sphincter of the urethra


14. What amount of urine in the bladder is most likely to relax the external sphincter involuntarily? (Points: 5)
200 milliliters
200 liters
500 milliliters
500 liters


15. Where is the ECF in relation to the ICF? (Points: 5)
The ECF is located inside the cell, and the ICF is located inside the cell.
The ECF is located inside the cell, and the ICF is located outside the cell.
The ECF is located outside the cell, and the ICF is located in the interstitial space.
The ECF is located outside the cell, and the ICF is located inside the cell.


16. If you consume excess amounts of salt, what will happen to your blood volume (ECF) and blood pressure? (Points: 5)
The ECF will decrease, but your blood pressure will increase.
The ECF will decrease, and your blood pressure will decrease.
The ECF will increase, and your blood pressure will increase.
The ECF will not change, and your blood pressure will not change.


17. How will increases in the carbon dioxide levels in the blood affect a normal blood pH of 7.37? (Points: 5)
The pH will drop.
The pH will not change.
The pH will rise.
The pH will become alkaline.


18. Increased respiration leads to decreased plasma levels of: (Points: 5)
hydrogen ions.
carbon dioxide.
intracellular fluid.
glucose.


19. Incontinence is usually due to malfunction of what part(s) of the urinary system? (Points: 5)
Urethra or bladder
Kidneys or bladder
Ureter or bladder
Kidneys or urethra


20. Excessive water loss, or dehydration, may result in what diseases? (Points: 5)
Hypernatremia and hyperkalemia
Hyponatremia and hypokalemia
Hyponatremia and hyperkalemia
Hypernatremia and hypokalemia
Submitted: 3 years ago.
Category: Health
Expert:  Dr Basu replied 3 years ago.

mysticdoc :

The views expressed by me are for educational purposes only and do not establish a doctor patient relationship.

mysticdoc :

1. The digestive system, the respiratory system, and the urinary system

mysticdoc :

2. It travels through the ureters, into the bladder, and through the urethra

mysticdoc :

3.They are behind the peritoneum

mysticdoc :

4.Renal pyramid, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, and ureter

mysticdoc :

5. medulla

mysticdoc :

6. glomerulus

mysticdoc :

7.The loop of Henle and PCT and DCT

mysticdoc :

8. The juxtaglomerular apparatus

mysticdoc :

9. urea

mysticdoc :

10.decreases; increases

mysticdoc :

11. ). prevent renin production

Expert:  Dr Basu replied 3 years ago.
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Customer: replied 3 years ago.
where's the answer 12-20?
Expert:  Dr Basu replied 3 years ago.

12. In the DCT and collecting duct

13 The external sphincter of the urethra

14. 200 milliliters

15. The ECF is located outside the cell, and the ICF is located inside the cell.

16. The ECF will increase, and your blood pressure will increase.

17. The pH will drop.

18. carbon dioxide.

19. Urethra or bladder

20. Hyponatremia and hypokalemia

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Satisfied Customers: 21510
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Expert:  Dr Basu replied 3 years ago.
Please click ACCEPT, if you do not have any other question, so that I get rewarded for my time & effort. Thank you!

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