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Thank you for submitting your question. Let me first tell you the risk factors for developing gallstones and see if you can identify and reverse those applicable to you, then discuss treatment options. The common risk factors are:
There are three general options for people with gallstones; the best option depends upon an individual patient's situation.
1. Oral bile acid pill - An oral bile acid pill is a medication that contains a natural bile acid. About two-thirds of patients who take it become symptom free within two to three months after starting treatment, and remain symptom free. However, it may take several years for the stones to disappear completely.
2. Percutaneous electohydraulic lithotripsy - The second non-surgical approach is percutaneous electrohydraulic lithotripsy. In this procedure, a catheter is inserted into the gallbladder under local anesthesia (medicine is injected to numb the skin and prevent pain). The catheter is left in place for two weeks. The patient then returns to have the catheter track stretched until it is the size of a small straw. A small probe is inserted through this track to deliver short bursts of energy, which fractures the stones into small pieces that are then washed out of the gallbladder.
3. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy - The third approach is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Shock waves generated outside the body are focused on the gallstones to fracture them into smaller fragments and "sand," which can then be dissolved more efficiently by an oral bile acid pill. It is most effective in patients with fewer than 3 stones, patients who are normal weight (not obese), and those with good gallbladder function.
Regardless of the treatment you receive, you should also modify your lifestyle to prevent recurrent development of gallstones:
I hope this is helpful to you