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Dysplasia is an abnormal type of excessive cell growth or proliferation characterized by two components;
1) loss of normal tissue arrangement and
2) cell structure.
Often such cells revert back to normal behavior, but occasionally they gradually become malignant or cancerous. Because of their potential for becoming malignant, areas of dysplasia should be closely monitored by a health professional. Many a times dysplasia, need treatment.
When the dysplasia occurs in muscle, it is called as muscle dysplasia. So, if the muscle cells change their normal arrangement and cell structure, it is termed muscle dysplasia. These can be congenital (by birth) or acquired (occurs late in life). They can occur in smooth muscles (intestines, ureter, bladder etc.) or in heart and in skeletal muscles.
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