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The case has been closed becuase of paying the fine. Paying the fine does contitute a conviction! There will be no problems for your friend returning to Germany. The case is recorded in the so called "Bundeszentralregister" where all convictions are recorded.
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The internet research that I conducted said that paying the fine to the public prosecutor under Section 153a terminates the case. My friend did not see a Judge or receive an indictment or complaint from the public prosecutor prior to paying this fine. Another lawyer told me that paying the fine was not a conviction, but an agreement to pay the fine in exchange to drop the case. What is the Bundeszentralregister? Could that be accessible by countries outside of the EU?
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The Bundeszentralregister is where all convictions are listed. Itis only accessible by certain authorities , for example should there be another criminal case the judge has access to the Bundeszentralregister where the 153 conviction is listed
This serves the purpose to be able to judge the personality it does not mean that your friend has a conviction It is NOT accessible from other countries outside the EU Your friend will NOT have a criminal record
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