How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask Viki Your Own Question

Viki
Viki, Internet Researcher
Category: General
Satisfied Customers: 860
Experience:  I have eleven years experience writing statewide educational tests for all levels.
1680453
Type Your Question Here...
Viki is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

what kinds of death notices were given to families during

Resolved Question:

i understand that telegrams, letters, chaplains were used to inform families   when navy personnel were killed. i am wondering specifically what kinds of death notices were given to families during WWII when a relative in the navy died in the war and whether these notices were different for officers than regular enlisted sailors.
Submitted: 7 years ago.
Category: General
Expert:  Viki replied 7 years ago.

Hi-

During WWII, the Navy and all other branches followed a practice that had been established during the First World War (which lapsed during peacetime). This practice was that the U.S. Army became the lead agency for the reporting of all American casualties. The Army's Casualty Branch and Graves Registration Service (GRS) was given all records on all military personnel, so they could handle this task efficiently.

At the beginning of WWII, casualty reports from the battle theater to Washington were made by radiogram or cable. The error rate using this system reached 25% by 1943, so a new system was put in place. This was a punchcard method. Cards were made by the Machine Records Unit servicing the Army. Then they were checked by theater headquarters, and dispatched to the War Department by air officer courier. Casualty reports were automatically done by machine from the punchcards.

After this came the official notification to the family. The completed casualty reports were the basis from which telegrams were formulated and sent. They did not contain many of the details that families wished to receive, but were completely automated forms to ensure speedy notification. These initial telegrams were the same without regard to rank. They only differed in type (wounded, captured, killed).

On Oct. 3, 1944, theater commanders were directed to send personal letters of condolence which included individual details, for each and every soldier's death. These were sent by air mail direct. These letters were written by designated unit or hospital personnel or chaplains, and a copy of each letter was to be sent to the Casualty Branch.

You can learn more about the details of how the Navy handled casualties by going to: http://www.archives.gov/publications/ref-info-papers/82/introduction.html I summarized the main points, but details about the Navy are near the end of this report.

Viki, Internet Researcher
Category: General
Satisfied Customers: 860
Experience: I have eleven years experience writing statewide educational tests for all levels.
Viki and 105 other General Specialists are ready to help you

JustAnswer in the News:

 
 
 
Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.
 
 
 

What Customers are Saying:

 
 
 
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Last | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX
 
 
 

Meet The Experts:

 
 
 
  • Ron

    ASE Certified Technician

    Satisfied Customers:

    21699
    23 years with Ford specializing in drivability and electrical and AC. Ford certs and ASE Certs
< Last | Next >
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/FO/fordguy4u/2011-12-17_222940_HPIM1257.64x64.JPG Ron's Avatar

    Ron

    ASE Certified Technician

    Satisfied Customers:

    21699
    23 years with Ford specializing in drivability and electrical and AC. Ford certs and ASE Certs
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/lyeung1/2010-07-25_032152_tn_IMG_0241.JPG Dr. Y.'s Avatar

    Dr. Y.

    Urologist

    Satisfied Customers:

    18691
    I am fellowship trained specializing in general urology and reconstructive urology.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/docjohn174/2008-12-13_170143_johnask.jpg John's Avatar

    John

    Home Appliance Technician

    Satisfied Customers:

    13453
    Appliance repair business owner for over 43 years.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/MU/multistatelaw/2011-11-27_173951_Tinaglamourshotworkglow102011.64x64.jpg Tina's Avatar

    Tina

    Lawyer

    Satisfied Customers:

    8655
    JD, BBA Over 25 years legal and business experience.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/dermdoc19/2010-09-30_160749_Photo_122807_015.JPG dermdoc19's Avatar

    dermdoc19

    Dermatologist

    Satisfied Customers:

    3936
    30 years practice in general and cosmetic dermatology
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/BI/birddoctor/2012-6-22_173214_birddoctor.64x64.png Dr. Pat's Avatar

    Dr. Pat

    Bird Veterinarian

    Satisfied Customers:

    3453
    25+ years working primarily or exclusively with birds
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/RY/rydergar/2012-6-6_192240_IMG0328.64x64.JPG Dr. Gary's Avatar

    Dr. Gary

    Cat Veterinarian

    Satisfied Customers:

    3390
    DVM, Emergency Veterinarian, BS (Physiology)
 
 
 
Chat Now With An Expert
Viki
Viki
Expert
860 Satisfied Customers
I have eleven years experience writing statewide educational tests for all levels.