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Welcome, I'm Chris (aka Moose) I'm an independent contractor here at Just Answer.
What color is the smoke on startup, blue, white or black?
What is the temp in your area on cold start?
While driving does the boost seem adequate?
Is the vehicle stock or does it have aftermarket modifications?
Thanks for asking your question and letting me try to help you.
A 2001 is not equipped with a regeneration exhaust clean cycle. Even if it could, its a straight pipe system, there is nothing to clean out now. You may need to test your glow plugs, there may be one or more faulty and or the wire harness in the valve cover gasket may be bad and not powering them. Can you check around the exhaust manifold, exhaust pipes in and out of the turbo, and the cold air charge tubes and intercooler for signs of leak, shown from residue on joints?
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