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mike v, Ford Technician
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Experience:  ford employed certified tech
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How do i change a timing belt to a 1997 ford ranger step by step?

Customer Question

How do i change a timing belt to a 1997 ford ranger step by step?
Submitted: 5 years ago.
Category: Ford
Expert:  mike v replied 5 years ago.

hi there

 

my name is XXXXX XXXXX size engine do you have ?? here is r&r for 2.3L

 

Camshaft Timing Belt

SPECIAL SERVICE TOOL(S) REQUIRED
DescriptionTool Number
Camshaft Belt Tension Adjusting ToolT74P-6254-A

Removal

  1. Remove spark plugs (12405).

  1. Align crankshaft (6303) so number one piston is at TDC (top dead center) as indicated by timing marks. Refer to illustration.

  1. Remove outer timing belt cover as outlined in this section.

  1. CAUTION: If you attempt to remove timing belt or adjust tension without loosening both timing belt tensioner adjusting bolt and spring pivot bolt, you will break Camshaft Belt Tension Adjusting Tool T74P-6254-A when you attempt to relieve tension on belt.

    Loosen timing belt spring pivot bolt. Do not remove.

  1. Hold tensioner with Camshaft Belt Tension Adjusting Tool T74P-6254-A.



    graphic

    ItemPart NumberDescription
    1 6256 Camshaft Sprocket
    (Timing Mark)
    2 6L273 Timing Belt Tensioner Spring
    3 T74P-6254-A Camshaft Belt Tension Adjusting Tool
    4 6268 Timing Belt
    5 6K254 Timing Belt Tensioner
    6 6256 Oil Pump Sprocket
    (Timing Mark)
    7 N800112-S100 Tensioner Adjusting Bolt, M8-1.25 x 20 (Under Wrench)
    8 6K282 Timing Belt Tensioner
    (Spring Pivot) Bolt
    A - Tighten to 35-45 Nm
    (26-33 Lb-Ft)
    B - Tighten to 40-55 Nm
    (30-40 Lb-Ft)
  1. While holding tensioner, loosen adjusting bolt and gradually release spring tension.

  1. Using adjusting tool, rotate tensioner, against spring pressure, as far clockwise as possible. While holding, tighten adjusting bolt to hold tensioner away from belt.

  1. Remove timing belt.



    Camshaft Timing Belt, 2.3L I-4


    graphic

    ItemPart NumberDescription
    1 6268 Timing Belt
    2 N600414-S Bolt, M12-1.75 x 45
    3 6278 Washer
    4 6256 Camshaft Sprocket
    5 6250 Camshaft
    6 6049 Cylinder Head
    7 N80012-S100 Bolt, M8-1.25 x 20
    8 6K282 Timing Belt Tensioner Bolt
    9 61273 Timing Belt Tensioner Spring
    10 6K254 Belt Tensioner Assembly
    11 - Stud (Part of 6049)
    12 6303 Crankshaft
    13 6306 Crankshaft Sprocket
    14 6600 Oil Pump
    15 6E005 Inner Timing Belt Cover
    16 6256 Oil Pump Sprocket
    17 - Washer
    (Part of N600313-S2)
    18 N600313-S2 Bolt, M10-1.5 x 40
    19 - Recess (Part of 6306)
    20 - Crankshaft Keyway
    A - Tighten to 70-95 Nm
    (51-70 Lb-Ft) (See Text)
    B - Tighten to 35-45 Nm
    (25-33 Lb-Ft) (See Text)
    C - Tighten to 40-55 Nm
    (30-40 Lb-Ft) (See Text)

Installation

NOTE: Care must be taken during timing belt installation to prevent damage to the inner timing cover.

 

 

  1. If not done:

    1. Loosen tensioner adjusting bolt.
    1. Using Camshaft Belt Tension Adjusting Tool T74P-6254-A, pry tensioner clockwise against spring tension as far as possible.
    1. Tighten adjusting bolt to hold tensioner in released position.
  1. Align crankshaft so number one piston is at TDC (top dead center) with crankshaft key pointing straight up and circle on crankshaft sprocket (6306) aligned with notch in engine front cover (6019).

  1. Align triangle on camshaft sprocket with triangle on inner timing belt cover.

  1. Align diamond on oil pump sprocket with diamond on inner timing belt cover.



    Timing Mark Alignment


    graphic

    ItemPart NumberDescription
    1 6256 Camshaft Sprocket
    2 - Pointer Triangle
    (Part of Camshaft Sprocket)
    3 - Pointer Triangle
    (on Inner Timing Belt Cover)
    4 N801658-S Stud, M8 x 1.25
    5 6K282 Spring Pivot Bolt
    6 - Stud (Part of 6K254)
    7 6K254 Timing Belt Tensioner
    8 6256 Oil Pump Sprocket
    9 6303 Crankshaft
    10 6306 Crankshaft Sprocket
    11 N806700-S Key
    12 N800112-S2 Adjusting Bolt, M8-1.25 x 20
    13 - Pointer Diamond
    (on Inner Timing Belt Cover)
    14 - Pointer Diamond
    (on Oil Pump Sprocket)
    15 - Pointer Line
    (Part of 6019)
    16 - Pointer Circle
    (on 6306)
    A - Tighten to 20-30 Nm
    (15-22 Lb-Ft) (See Text)
    B - Tighten to 40-55 Nm
    (30-40 Lb-Ft) (See Text)
    C - Tighten to 35-45 Nm
    (26-33 Lb-Ft) (See Text)
    D - Direction of Rotation
    E - 29°
  1. Install timing belt over crankshaft sprocket. Then, proceeding counterclockwise, over oil pump sprocket and camshaft sprocket.

  1. Loosen tensioner adjusting bolt allowing tensioner pulley to press against timing belt.

  1. NOTE: When performing the following step, do not rotate crankshaft counterclockwise as timing belt may jump a cog, putting camshaft or camshaft position sensor on oil pump out of time.

     

     

    Rotate crankshaft two revolutions clockwise.

  1. Bring crankshaft slowly, without stopping, to number one cylinder firing position (keyway directly up).

  1. Recheck timing mark alignment. Repeat steps if timing marks are not properly aligned.

  1. Rotate tensioner assembly against belt with torque wrench up to 41-45 Nm (30-33 lb-ft) and tighten adjusting bolt.

  1. Tighten adjusting bolt to 35-45 Nm (26-33 lb-ft).

  1. Tighten spring pivot bolt to 40-55 Nm (30-40 lb-ft).

  1. Install outer timing belt cover as outlined in this section.

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