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Michael
Michael, Auto Technician
Category: Ford
Satisfied Customers: 919
Experience:  21 Years Foreign and Domestic driveablility diagnosis and repair.Fuel injection specialist.ASE cert.
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1999 ford escort: The timing belt..timing marks..cams..crankshaft

Customer Question

I have a 1999 ford escort 2.0L. The timing belt broke. How do I find the timing marks on both cams and the crankshaft, so I can install the new belt?
Submitted: 10 years ago.
Category: Ford
Expert:  Michael replied 10 years ago.

Hello Rusty, here are the instructions for the whole job along with some good pics.You will need a couple special tools that you can obtain through a tool loan or rental program at a local parts store or you may need to purchase them.Please click my Accept button if this is what you needed.Bonuses are Greatly appreciated.Thanx rusty,and Good luck with the belt.


2.0L Engine



DOHC ENGINE


See Figures 13 through 21


A camshaft alignment timing tool (No. T94P-6256-CH or equivalent) and a crankshaft Top Dead Center (TDC) timing peg tool (No. T97P-6000-A or equivalent) are required for this procedure.


Make sure the correct notch in the pulley is indexed to the lower cylinder block. Refer to the accompanying illustration.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 13: A camshaft alignment timing tool ...




Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 14: ... and a crankshaft TDC timing peg tool are required when removing and installing the timing belt






  1. Remove the spark plugs.



  2. Rotate the crankshaft to TDC.



  3. Locate and remove the plug bolt by the Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor (refer to the illustration) and install the TDC timing peg.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 15: Remove the plug bolt by the Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor and install the TDC timing peg






  1. Raise the car and support it with safety stands.



  2. Unfasten the splash shields bolts and remove the shield.



  3. Lower the car and remove the water pump pulley.



  4. Remove the valve cover and the timing belt covers.



  5. Align the camshafts and install the camshaft alignment tool on the back of the camshafts as illustrated.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 16: Align the camshafts and install the alignment tool



WARNING If the camshaft belt is being reused, mark the direction of the camshaft belt to the rotation of the camshaft prior to removal, or premature wear and belt failure could occur. Loosen the tensioner pulley bolt and relieve the tension on the belt by disconnecting the tensioner tab from the timing cover back plate.




  1. Slide the belt off the sprockets.



  2. Inspect the belt for wear and replace as necessary





Timing belt routing-2.0L DOHC engine


To install:




  1. If, for any reason, the engine was disturbed, the camshafts moved or the sprockets replaced, perform the following procedure:


Make sure the correct notch in the pulley is indexed to the lower cylinder block.




  1. Position the crankshaft just prior to Top Dead Center (TDC).



  2. If not already done, locate and remove the plug bolt by the Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor (refer to the illustration) and install the TDC timing peg.



  3. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise against the TDC peg.


Installation of the alignment tool into the exhaust camshaft may require the camshafts to be rotated clockwise.




  1. Install the camshaft alignment tool on the back of the camshafts.



  2. Install the timing belt and engage the timing belt tensioner tab into the upper timing cover backplate.


A 3/8 inch drive, 10mm, 2 inch torque adapter offset is required to tighten the tensioner bolt.




  1. Using a 6mm Allen wrench, adjust the tensioner until the index marks are aligned and tighten the bolt to 17-20 ft. lbs. (22-28 Nm).



  2. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise against the TDC alignment peg, then remove the camshaft alignment tool.



  3. Remove the TDC peg tool and install the plug bolt.



  4. Install the timing and valve covers.



  5. Install the water pump pulley and the splash shield.



  6. Install the spark plugs.


If the engine or the camshaft were not disturbed in any way, or the sprockets were not removed, perform the following procedure:




  1. Install the timing belt and engage the timing belt tensioner tab into the upper timing cover backplate.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 18: Engage the timing belt tensioner tab into the upper timing cover backplate ...




Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 19: ... then use a 6mm Allen wrench to adjust the tensioner until the index marks are aligned




Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 20: A 3/8 inch drive, 10mm, 2 inch torque adapter offset is required to tighten the tensioner bolt (arrow)-2.0L DOHC engine




A 3/8 inch drive, 10mm, 2 inch torque adapter offset is required to tighten the tensioner bolt.




  1. Using a 6mm Allen wrench, adjust the tensioner until the index marks are aligned and tighten the bolt to 17-20 ft. lbs. (22-28 Nm).



  2. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise against the TDC alignment peg, then remove the camshaft alignment tool.


Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 21: Rotate the crankshaft clockwise against the TDC alignment peg






  1. Remove the TDC peg tool and install the plug bolt.



  2. Install the timing and valve covers.



  3. Install the water pump pulley and the splash shield.



  4. Install the spark plugs.



















Customer: replied 10 years ago.
Reply to Michael's Post: I read the article and it was not clear. It says to rotate the crank from just before TDC, until it stops on the pin I installed, but it sure turns a long way from TDC(is that correct?) also where do you start putting timing belt on from?(from the crank gear or the cam right or left?). The article also tells you to do that procedure twice(rotate the crank to the stop pin). Maybe you can help explain it in a simpler form. Thanks Rusty