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You report to the IRS your income.To verify - we need to know the source of funds and if you are an US person or a nonresident alien?
First of all as a green card holder you are a resident alien for tax purposes - please be aware that residency for tax purposes is determined differently than for immigration purposes.
As a resident alien - you are taxed on all your worldwide income - same as for US citizens.
The loan is NOT your taxable income - as long as there are realistic expectations that the loan will be paid back.
The fact of transferring the money is NOT a taxable event.So that fact alone doesn't trigger any tax liability.There is NO limitation to transfer the money to the US - and there is no any tax liability just because of the transfer,Probably the safest way is the bank-to-bank transfer.You might want to shop around to compare bank fees and currency conversion rates.Please be aware - if you are taking cash over $10,000 - that must be declared to customs - and you might be asked source of your money.If you transfer to your bank account - please be aware that band report all suspicious transaction to FinCen. If you think that your transfer might look unusual - you may inform your banker before the transfer and provide them information with supporting documents about the source of your money.
Correct - a loan is NOT taxable income.Correspondingly - when you will pay back a loan - that amount woudl not be deductible.Transfer of funds are not subject to US customs - there is nothing to report.I suggest to keep documents which support your position that the wire transfer is a loan for which you are responsible to pay back.
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If you still have any doubts, need clarification - please be sure to ask.I am here to help you will all tax related issues.