How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask BK-CPA Your Own Question
BK-CPA, Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
Category: Finance
Satisfied Customers: 933
Experience:  Owner of a CPA firm
Type Your Finance Question Here...
BK-CPA is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

Difference between valuation, depreciation, amortization and depletion

This answer was rated:

What is the difference between valuation, depreciation, amortization and depletion?

Hello and thank you for your question.

Valuation refers to determining a value for something. For accounting purposes, two common valuation options are fair market value and historical cost (net depreciation).

Depreciation is an adjustment to the net income of an entity for wear and tear of fixed assets. The adjustment for depreciation is (in theory) to expense assets over the term of their useful lives.

Amortization is an adjustment to the net income of an entity to expense costs of intangible assets over the estimated useful life of the asset (example: writing off the costs of a noncompete agreement over the life of the agreement).

Depletion is an adjustment to the net income of an entity to record the use or harvesting of its petroleum, minerals, timber, or other reserves.

Accumulated depreciation, accumulated amortization, and accumulated depletion accounts are kept as contra accounts to the historical acquisition price of fixed (tangible) assets being depreciated, intangible assets being amortized, and reserves being depleted.

I hope this is helpful.

BK-CPA and other Finance Specialists are ready to help you

Related Finance Questions