When the loan ends
The loan ends when the homeowner dies, sells the house, or, depending on the loan conditions, moves out of the house for 12 consecutive months (for example, to go into an assisted living home). At that point, the reverse mortgage can be paid off with the proceeds of the sale of the house, or be refinanced by the heirs of the homeowner's estate. If the proceeds exceed the loan amount, the owner of the house receives the difference; if the owner has died, the heirs receive the difference. For cases where the proceeds are not sufficient to pay off the loan, then the bank (or insurance which the bank has on the loan) absorbs the difference. In most cases when the borrower moves out of the property or dies, as long as the borrower (or his estate) provides proof to the lender that he is attempting to sell the home or obtain financing to pay off the outstanding debt, the investor will allow him up to one year to do so. After the one year extension period is up, the lender cannot provide any further extension of time to the borrower (or estate).