Thank you for your question; unfortunately only a court can appoint a guardian for a minor child; the reason for this is that the court will need to provide an order of guardianship, so that the guardian has legal authority to act on behalf of the ward. Otherwise the third party cannot enroll the child in school.
There is an exception for kinship care, when there is a hardship exemption which requires immediate guardianship and this is authorized by code 37-15-9.
Please see also 37-15-11 which allows the school to require the parent/legal guardian to accompany the child:
Whenever any minor child seeks or applies to enroll or gain entrance to any public school in this state, and the child is not accompanied by an adult or is accompanied by an adult who is not the child's parent, guardian, if a legal guardian has been appointed for the child, or legal custodian, the school official or officials or teacher to whom the child applies or reports for enrollment or admission may delay consideration of the enrollment or enlistment of the minor child and require the child's parent, legal guardian or legal custodian to accompany the child and apply for enrollment and admission into the school for and on behalf of the minor child.
The reason for the legality is because the guardian has a fiduciary duty and there are general accountings required, in addition to the court verifying that the guardianship is in the child's best interests.
For health care, a parent can execute a power of attorney allowing a third party permission to authorize medical procedures.
If one decides to petition the court for guardianship, it is usually granted if the parents do not object.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.