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Probate is the process of settling the estate and administering it according to the terms of the will.... So probate doesn't end until the will has been fully administered and the estate settled according to its terms..
So can you tell me what you mean by "the executor executing the will"?
Are you asking how long after the testator dies do they have to file a probate case to settle the estate?
Ok, the way probate goes is that it remains open indefinitely until all claims are settled, all debts paid, taxes paid, and then any surplus assets distributed and the estate is closed.
So no, it doesn't automatically end after 6 months. What you are likely referring to is the "creditor claims" period, which is 6 months in IL. That is the time that any creditor can submit a claim for payment, after which they are barred from doing so.
So after 6 months, the executor could begin to distribute assets and move towards closing the estate if they had all their other duties completed.
But the typical probate case in IL will take close to a year because the executor has to file any final tax returns for the deceased and the estate and then get clearances from the IRS and the State Dept of Revenue before they can move towards distributing assets, filing a formal final accounting, and then moving to close the estate.