In Ohio, a grandparent can get child custody only if they can prove that the parent is unfit. If the parent has given up custody in the past, or allowed the child to reside with someone else, and has failed to be actively involved with the child upon the child returning to the home, the court can very well decide that the parent is not fit. Once that is determined, the court must also consider the best interests of the child. While it is most simple when the grandparent already has custody, if the grandparent used to have custody, and has maintained a strong relationship with the child, that is favorable to the grandparent. Their is a legal concept: in loco parentis- where one stands in the traditional role of parent; if that is the case the court is more likely to award custody.
They can also award the parent visitation, and possibly even supervised visitation if there is concern as to the parent's ability to behave properly in front of the child.
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