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I am sorry to learn of this situation.
Yes, you can get a divorce even if you are unable to find your wife (although a good process server is probably going to be able to find her and serve her with the summons and complaint).
What happens if the other spouse really is not found is that the court will grant the petitioning spouse a right to "serve by publication" - meaning the petitioner must publish notice of the divorce in a local periodical. This process usually takes roughly 120 days.
I do recommend retaining a family law attorney to represent you for this - given your circumstances I do not believe that this is going to cost you very much (it should be a relatively straightforward dissolution action without property or child support or parenting orders). But given that you need to potentially pursue a service by publication, I do recommend paying for a lawyer to help you with this (you will want it done properly the first time).
It really depends on how she responds (legally), and what the court's docket is. If the court is very backlogged, you may find that even an uncontested simple divorce may not have a hearing for 3-4 months after the other party responds (but this is going to be strictly based on the local court's docket).
I would not count on a specific end date, although expect a resolution within 6-9 months (and if you are fortunate sooner).