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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today.
When both parents and all their children have moved out of the state where a custody and support order was entered, either party may petition to move the case to the state where the child winds up residing. See Texas Family Code, Section 152.203. The child has to have lived in the new state for at least 6 months before the case can be transferred there. North Carolina doesn't really have an ongoing interest in a case involving three non-residents, so they will probably agree to move it to free up judicial time and resources for people who do live in the state. It's a fairly common procedure, but it doesn't avoid modification.
Once the case is moved, either parent can seek to modify custody and support in the new state. As part of the Texas modification, you'll be able to request information regarding her current income, and other financial information.
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The fact that you have ties to the state isn't legally relevant if you no longer live there. What the law says is that the case can be transferred once both parents and the child move elsewhere. Consulates do not need to serve these types of court papers - a motion to transfer an existing case can be served by regular mail. So none of that is going to change the outcome.
It is possible to file a Motion asking the judge to undo the transfer to Texas because you were not served in time to object. However, since you don't live in North Carolina anymore, it's not going to make any difference. Again, the state doesn't want to use their judge's time and their taxpayer money to hear disputes between two people who don't live in North Carolina. They had jurisdiction originally, but both Texas and North Carolina law allow the case to be moved. Moving the case doesn't legally implicate your rights, because you can still have support and custody modified in Texas.
You can continue the case in Texas. Trying to fight the move is going to take a lot of your time and could cost you a lot of money, and you will ultimately lose. I'm sorry.
Jurisdiction in child support/custody case is always based on where the child lives. That's because it's the child's money. By default, that also means it's almost always going to be where the custodial parent lives, since the custodial parent and child go together. There are statutes that say a court always has jurisdiction to hear disputes regarding child support for a child living in the state. But there aren't any laws that would allow a non-custodial parent to be taken to court in a state they don't live or work in, to hear a case about a child who doesn't live there.