lorida Rules of Civil Procedure
RULE 1.530 MOTIONS FOR NEW TRIAL AND REHEARING; AMENDMENTS OF JUDGMENTS
(a) Jury and Non-jury Actions. A new trial may be granted toall or any of the parties and on all or a part of the issues. Ona motion for a rehearing of matters heard without a jury, includingsummary judgments, the court may open the judgment if one has beenentered, take additional testimony, and enter a new judgment.
(b) Time for Motion. A motion for new trial or for rehearingshall be served not later than 10 days after the return of theverdict in a jury action or the date of filing of the judgment ina non-jury action. A timely motion may be amended to state newgrounds in the discretion of the court at any time before themotion is determined.
(c) Time for Serving Affidavits. When a motion for a newtrial is based on affidavits, the affidavits shall be served withthe motion. The opposing party has 10 days after such servicewithin which to serve opposing affidavits, which period may beextended for an additional period not exceeding 20 days either bythe court for good cause shown or by the parties by writtenstipulation. The court may permit reply affidavits.
(d) On Initiative of Court. Not later than 10 days afterentry of judgment or within the time of ruling on a timely motionfor a rehearing or a new trial made by a party, the court of itsown initiative may order a rehearing or a new trial for any reasonfor which it might have granted a rehearing or a new trial onmotion of a party.
(e) When Motion Is Unnecessary; Non-jury Case. When an actionhas been tried by the court without a jury, the sufficiency of theevidence to support the judgment may be raised on appeal whether ornot the party raising the question has made any objection theretoin the trial court or made a motion for rehearing, for new trial,or to alter or amend the judgment.
(f) Order Granting to Specify Grounds. All orders granting anew trial shall specify the specific grounds therefor. If such anorder is appealed and does not state the specific grounds, theappellate court shall relinquish its jurisdiction to the trialcourt for entry of an order specifying the grounds for granting thenew trial.
(g) Motion to Alter or Amend a Judgment. A motion to alter oramend the judgment shall be served not later than 10 days afterentry of the judgment, except that this rule does not affect theremedies in rule 1.540(b).