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In Cal, abandonment by a noncustodial parent would have to be for one year, as follows:
One parent has left the child in the care and custody of the other parent for a period of one year without any provision for the child's support, or without communication from the parent, with the intent on the part of the parent to abandon the child.
I don't know if you're going to tell the other parent that you're out of the state for a month, but it might be a good idea to so she doesn't think you fell off the face of the earth. Make sure you correspond with your children so that they know you still care about them even though you're not in the state. It's important to do so at least a few times a week.
Your spouse cannot say that you abandoned the children if you leave for one month and are in contact with them. I understand how this can be troublesome, but first it's not under the criminal statute -- it would be under the family law statute. One month is not abandonment.
Does this answer your question?