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Child support is based on income.......and if his income has decreased through no fault of his own (since he's been injured and is now considered disabled), then it is very likely that the court could reduce his obligation based on his new income.
That said, if he received a large personal injury settlement or other income that he didn't include in his child support calculations, it may be possible for you to seek her portion of that income....but, that would likely be a one time payment/payout and not a monthly obligation increase.
Unfortunately, where he lives and the cost of living is irrelevant to child support calculations. If you look at it the other way, you wouldn't agree to a reduction of child support so he could live in Manhattan or Beverly Hills.....so the main element is income.
If he received a settlement and didn't count it as income......and didn't pay your child the requisite amount of support on the income....you could ask the judge to require him to pay her support based on that amount.
So, if he files to modify his child support obligation, you can respond by asking the court to determine if he received a settlement for his injuries, etc., and if so, require him to pay a lump sum amount to you/your daughter.
Please let me know if you have any additional questions, and thanks for allowing me to assist!