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I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today.
Generally, the information that's in a negative home study could be used against a person in a later custody hearing, if the person who made the report comes to court to testify as to what they personally observed during the home visit and it available for cross-examination. A party could object to having the report entered into evidence without the testimony of the person who made it, both because the report cannot be authenticated and because the information contained within it would be primarily hearsay. The party who wants to enter the report would then need to establish an applicable hearsay exception (likely the business records exception, but someone still needs to authenticate it).
The parent against whom the report is entered would also be able to explain any negative information in the report and how things have changed when he or she takes the stand.
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You can try to argue that it's not relevant, then. But you'll also be able to explain how your circumstances have changed in the past 20 years. Judges like to give people second chances, and your current situation with this child is going to be more important than something that happened 20 years ago, especially if you've changed since that happened (and the home study ultimately didn't even stop you from getting custody at the time).
I'm very sorry to hear that this happened.
A judge is not likely to take away custody based solely on a 20-year-old report made with reference to another child. He has to consider all relevant facts, including your relationship with the child and ability to provide a caring home.
If your husband adopted her, then it doesn't make any difference that he's not biologically related to her. Adoptive relatives have the same rights as natural relatives.
The fact that you had to move after being kicked out with nowhere else to go shouldn't count against you, especially if you've made efforts to contact the child after leaving.
You would need permission from the judge to move to Texas with the child, so if you're planning to STAY there, that could count against you. You'd have to be able to convince the judge that it's best or the child to also move to Texas. Being near her other family might help.
It's possible that he's planning to go to court on an emergency hearing for temporary custody. There unfortunately isn't any way to stop him from doing that, and you won't know until after it's over. He'd have to be able to show that the child is in current danger, though, and I don't know that a 20-year-old report says that. But that's only a temporary order, and you'd still be able to go to court for the final hearing and explain why you should have primary custody going forward.
Yes, he can do that. It's a temporary order. You should be prepared for the possibility that the judge might grant the order since you won't be there to tell your side of the story. But you should also remember that temporary orders can be changed later.
It might be in your best interests to look for a local attorney who can help you with this. You're at a disadvantage if he has a lawyer and you don't.
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