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When someone files a modification petition, or any petition for that matter, there is usually no requirement that the petition has to be served/mailed right away. But the court can't take any action on the petition until it is served/mailed.
Are you just curious as to the timing, or do you want to know how this affects the mediated custody agreement? Was the mediated agreement before May or recently?
Is there any way the father could say he didn't know where you were living since May?
How hard would it be for you to go to the court house and look at the court file?
Who mailed you the papers, the father or the court? and is there an attorney for the father disclosed in the papers?
My guess it that he does not have a lawyer and does not know what he is doing legally. That the "mailed" notice is not valid. Was it certified mail and what exactly did you receive, as in a summons, other notices etc?
I stand corrected. Pennsylvania allows for service my mail in custody matters, but it must be certified mail and also regular mail and is supposed to be accomplished within 30 days of filing the modification petition. Looks like Pennsylvania has a "conference" type first hearing where a court facilitator lawyer acts as a mediator to see if agreement can be reached, which is probably the same process you went through to get the current joint custody order.
Anyway, due to the late service, you can probably get the December hearing cancelled and rescheduled.
If nothing has changed on your end since the present custody order was agreed, father is not going to win on his full custody petition. It is not in the best interests of the child of divorced parents for one parent to be "stay at home" there is not enough money to support such a lifestyle. For him to get full custody, there would have to be something wrong with you, unfit parent, not just that you work full time.
Once you have reviewed the papers, let me know if you have any more questions - it can be tomorrow, I will still get your questions.