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First and first, you must be residing in the United States in order to file for divorce. You cannot file for divorce while you outside the country. You can either file in New Jersey or New York or in any State in United States so long as you have resided in that particular State for requisite time. For residency requirements in all 50 States, click here. Click on the State you want to reside and file in for the filing requirements. Both New Jersey and New York have one-year residency requirements. That is, you must be residing in New Jersey or New York at least one year before filing for divorce in those States.
New Jersey Residency Requirement
New York Residency Requirements
You can serve him with the divorce papers in Israel and file Certificate of Service with the Court. The divorce process would proceed without him being present so long as you have certified to the Court that he has been served—you have filed Certificate of Service with the Court. There are companies that serve Court papers oversees. Click here to find the companies.