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While it is possible that she could get adoption without the biological father's consent, in these situations it's highly unlikely.
That is, before there can be an adoption there first has to be a termination of the biological parents rights.
Typically it's consensual, but can be "involuntary".
But the grounds for involuntary termination are very strictly construed.
In some cases, consent is not necessary or proceedings can be started for involuntary termination of parental rights. These cases including situations where:
Unless the mother could show any of these situations, she wouldn't stand a chance of getting an involuntary termination of the father's rights (and therefore could not get adoption).
And that being said, the threat of "no visitation", particularly when there IS a visitation order, would mean that if she does not comply with that visitation order SHE would be in contempt and could have custody taken away from her (if the court viewed this contempt as serious enough).
But in short, no, she could not get adoption papers without the consent of the biological father unless she could show those specific, narrow situations where rights can be taken away involuntarily.
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