The Divorce Petition died with your husband. That includes any issues regarding marital property.
If your husband had a will, then the will would have to be probated and the property distributed according to the will. If you owned property together with your husband, it would pass to you. Any joint bank accounts, stocks, bonds, etc. that listed you as a joint owner or beneficiary would also pass to you.
In Illinois, if he died without a will, his estate will be distributed to his closest relatives (his "heirs"). Who his closet relatives are depends on the family situation, specifically whether he is survived by a spouse, children, and/or any brothers and sisters.
For example, for a typical family (husband and wife plus kids), upon the death of the husband with no will, half of his estate will pass to the wife and the other half passes to the children to be divided equally between them. However, anything held jointly between the spouses such as bank accounts, homes, cars, etc. will go directly to the surviving spouse.
The temporary order of custody from the family court became void when your husband died. You would, most likely, then automatically gain physical custody of your child. The guardianship would remain in place. The eldest child would have to begin an action in the family court to attempt to gain custody.
You may wish to contact an attorney who specializes in family law
and one who specializes in probate law for a consultation. An initial 1/2 hour telephone consultation is $25.00. You can discuss the specific facts of your case, evaluate your options and decide how to proceed. It would be well worth your time and the minimal cost. Below is a link to the Illinois Bar Association Attorney Referral Page.
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***Answers given are for informational purposes only and are not meant to replace the advice or assistance of an attorney licensed to practice law in your state. If you need any more information, please do not hesitate to ask. Thank you!