Thank you for using Just Answer. I am sorry to hear of your situation.
One of the easier things you can do if you wish to make sure that no action can be taken in Georgia is to domesticate or register the Georgia order in North Carolina. This gives North Carolina Jurisdiction over any changes to your divorce decree or custody order. It will make it more difficult for him to even start a modification proceeding. Since no party remains in Georgia you should not have any difficulty.
You should also be aware that your daughter at age 17 has the ability to indicate where she wishes to live. Your daughter's desires are not necessarily binding but they will be weighted heavily by the court. You should also know that a modification of custody is not easily undertaken unless some material change in circumstances has occurred. The courts need a reason to modify custody, not just the desire on the part of one party to change custody.
I don't know if the father has been ordered to pay support, if he has, you could indicate that any legal action will force you to enforce the existing support order including 2.5 years of arrear ages. Failing to pay ordered support is serious and can lead to jail time and suspension of ones driver's license. If he has not paid ordered support he should be more afraid of what you can do rather than what he can do.
If you are physically afraid of him based on the harassment you can file a lawsuit against him or get a restraining order against him in Alabama to prevent him from contacting you. The order could also be made enforceable in NC.
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You will need to file a petition to domesticate the Georgia Order. The petition will need to be served on the father. The court will hold a hearing if the father objects. The process can take a number of weeks depending on whether the father responds.
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