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a) a false and defamatory statement concerning another;
b) an unprivileged publication to a third party;
c) fault amounting at least to negligence on the part of the publisher [actual malice where the plaintiff is a public figure]; [] and
d) either actionability of the statement irrespective of special harm or the existence of special harm caused by the publication.
" ‘ [T]ruth is an absolute defense’ to defamation." Gonsalves v. Nissan Motor Corp. in Hawai'i, Ltd., 100 Hawai'i 149, 173, 58 P.3d 1196, 1220 (2002) (citation omitted). The literal truth of every word or detail of the challenged statement is not required; the statement need only be substantially true. Kohn v. West Hawai'i Today, Inc., 65 Hawai'i 584, 590, 656 P.2d 79, 83 (1982) (" t is sufficient if the substance, the gist, the sting, of the matter is true."); Basilius v. Honolulu Publ'g Co., 711 F.Supp. 548, 551 (D.Haw.1989).Wilson v. Freitas, 214 P.3d 1110, 121 Hawai'i 120 (Hawai'i App. 2009)
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