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Thank you for your question.
Ordinarily, in common law (as opposed to community property) states, only the signing spouse may be held liable for the debt. However, some states, including Ohio, still operate under the doctrine of necessaries. Under that doctrine, a spouse may be held liable for debts incurred during the marriage if they were necessary to the health and living conditions of the spouse and family. This may include medical debts, depending on the circumstances.
Regarding your second question, it is not legal for a spouse to forge the other spouse's signature, if that is what you're asking. If you are asking whether it is legal for a medical provider to hold a spouse liable who is uninsured, yes, that is legal. However, if the other spouse has insurance coverage that covers the incident, the claims can be submitted to that insurance company.
I hope this answers your question. Please let me know if you have any follow-up questions.
Thank you, XXXXX XXXXX't sure I understood the second part of your question. If I can provide more information, please let me know.