Your saying US Family Law sides with the mother is not true any longer and the courts will consider the fact the child is a US citizen and that the mother has a mental condition it would consider which parent's custody is in the best interests of the child. As far as Bahrain, there is no real law on custody but the courts under Shari'a law.
In determining issues of custody, Bahrain courts consider the parents’ religion, place of permanent residence, income, and the mother’s subsequent marital status. Priority is generally given to a Muslim father, irrespective of his nationality. Under Shari'a law a Muslim mother is usually granted custody of girls under the age of nine and boys under the age of seven, at which time custody is transferred to the father. If the mother is unavailable, an infant may be given to the grandmother on the mother's side until s/he reaches the age of seven or nine.
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