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Sex offender residency restrictions tend to revolve around distance from schools and other places where children congregate. In California, such restrictions typically apply to offenders with whom the victim was child, dependent, or who is designated high-risk. The restrictions do not prohibit an individual from living in the same home as children.
That said, if a sex offender marries someone with children, the parent's access to her children may suffer. If the other parent is aware of the sex offender, he can petition the court to modify custody or visitation to limit exposure to the children. In other words, marrying a sex offender can cost a single parent time with and access to her children. Accordingly, the parent should present the details of the matter to her attorney prior to taking such action to ensure that she isn't compromising her relationship with her kids.
If she wishes to relocate the children and the father objects, she'll have to show that doing so is in the best interests of the children. This requires more than a showing that the parent wants to move or can make more money if she moves. Further, if the children will be living with a sex offender in the new state, the court may be less likely to permit her to move with the children.
She really needs to take the details of the matter to her attorney to ensure she doesn't compromise her life with her children.
However, to answer your follow-up question:
Residency restrictions in California do not prohibit an offender from living under the same roof as children. However, they do prohibit certain offenders from living within a quarter mile of schools, playgrounds, etc. Further, certain cities have additional ordinances governing such matters.
There's a great article about residency restrictions at the following link.
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Edited by T-USA on 6/17/2010 at 8:34 PM EST