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Reasonable corporal punishment by a parent is not prohibited. Excessive corporal punishment determined by statutory definition of abuse. Actual injury and substantial risk of injury, as defined by statute, considered abuse not reasonable corporal punishment. Cobble v. Commissioner of Dept. of Social Services, 719 N.E.2d 500 (Mass. 1999) "Abuse" is the non-accidental commission of any act by a caretaker upon a child which causes, or creates a substantial risk of physical or emotional injury. Physical injury defined as fracture of any bone, subdural hematoma, burns, impairment of any organ, any other such nontrivial injury, or soft tissue swelling or skin bruising depending upon such factors as the child's age, circumstances under which the injury occurred and the number and location of bruises. 110 Sec. 2 [Ci.]