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Glaucoma is a bilateral condition and usually affects both eyes though the extent of involvement might be asymmetrical. Even age related macular degeneration(ARMD) can affect both eyes though not symmetrical. It is not necessary for a person to go blind with either of the diseases. With early diagnosis and early treatment, it is possible to prevent any further deterioration of the disease. However the amount of tissue damage ( optic neuropathy in case of glaucoma) which has already occured prior to treatment is permanent. An individual would be able to have good vision inspite of glaucoma if the intraocular
pressures are kept within good control with topical medication. Just for information it takes decades for complete visual loss ( very gradual progress) in case of untreated glaucoma. Since a single visual field test would not be diagnostic, your ophthalmologist
would have asked you to review after a month so as to look for any signs of progress. If he does see so, then medical line of treatment would be started such as latanoprost / brimonidine eye drops , for glaucoma. As for ARMD, it can be confirmed at the next visit by OCT . If confirmed , then intravitreal avastin
injections would help .
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