Estate Law Questions? Ask an Estate Lawyer.
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In a situation like this, you can contact your local Legal Aid office to see if they can represent you. They are the equivalent of the Public Defender for criminal cases except they handle civil matters like probate, and divorce. They have attorneys who can represent clients for low or no cost or may be able to refer you to a low cost or pro bono attorney locally who can help. You can also contact the RI State Bar Association to see if they have any referrals to any pro bono attorneys.
This isn't really that complicated of a case and should just be a matter of drafting a petition for the judge to approve recognizing the common law marriage, having a hearing with you and any witnesses testifying, and then the judge signs off on an order formally declaring you common law married.