Estate Law Questions? Ask an Estate Lawyer.
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I am sorry to hear about this loss. The answer is yes, but only if she is the designated Personal Representative (PR) of the decedent (person who passed away). Under HIPAA law, no medical information may be shared unless it is with the PR. See HERE. "A decedent’s personal representative is an executor, administrator, or other person who has authority under applicable State or other law to act on behalf of the decedent or the decedent’s estate."
Just because she was married to him does not mean that she is automatically his PR. She may have to file a probate action to become a court-designated Executrix/Administrator which would then indeed make her a PR via the probate matter. Then she can request the medical files.
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