Estate Law Questions? Ask an Estate Lawyer.
I am an Estate Law expert and will do my best to provide you with quality information. Remember, I am only permitted to give general information!
I am very sorry to hear of your recent losses. One moment please as I review the remainder of your question.
Since your husband predeceased your mother in law, the annuity would actually go to the alternate beneficiary. Do you know if one was named?
there was no alternate beneficiary
And you mentioned that she died without a will; so all of her assets would pass via intestate succession. Are you familiar with this?
why wouldn't this account go to my husband's estate as he is the named beneficiary
Could we not use a small estate affidavit to transfer this to me since he is beneficiary?
One moment please; let me verify this. Typically, if one party predeceases the deceased, the person is not capable of inheriting. Let me see if I can find an exception.
I had his durable power of attorney and handled his financial affairs before and after death
The value of this account is likely less than $20,000
Thank you for your patience. Unfortunately, the fact that he predeceased her makes him incapable of being a beneficiary. Under circumstances such as this, the money would go via intestate succession; i.e. to her children (your children would take their dad's share). I don't know the family tree, but since the annuity did name your husband, this could be pointed out to any other heirs, (i.e. his siblings) and they could be asked to DISCLAIM this amount so it goes to your children.
There are 3 living siblings and I'm told there are other accounts that will go into probate. Do I need to legally notify them in any way about disclaiming this amount? Also, it would go to the children directly or through me? None of the siblings have done anything and are just waiting for someone to appoint an executor. What should they do to get the ball rolling?
Our children are both over 21
You would need to ask them if they would disclaim it. Unfortunately, it is their choice to do so or not. I'm not sure of the family dynamics, but if they were close to your husband or your children or their mom, then presumably they would want her wishes to be carried out properly and for your family to benefit from the annuity money. Since the children are over 21, it would go to them directly. The children really can't do anything - unless they want to be appointed (I'm assuming not). Let me see what the time frame is in Arizona for starting probate. Your mother in law resided in AZ immediately prior to her death?
No, she lived in NY
OK; let me check that state.
Apparently NY does not have a time limitation. However, the Estate Tax Return (form 706) needs to be filed within 9 months of the date of death, so that would serve as a time limitation indirectly. The court with jurisdiction is the county where she last resided; and is the Surrogate Court (their term for probate). You can contact the clerk there to see if any proceedings have been initiated.
Did you have any other questions relating to the above?
are we still connected?
yes; i was just following up to see if you had any further inquiries.
Do I request the siblings to disclaim this account in writing or just ask?
You can just ask - it can be verbal or written. If one of your kids is more close to one of the siblings, it might be better to have your child/ren ask.
ok thanks very much!
DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.
The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).