I want to pursue legal suit against co- worker for defamation of character,
The only defense to defamation of character is if what was said was true. Can you explain the nature of the defamatory statements?
"Defamation, also referred to as slander or vilification is a claim stated or implied that projects a negative image about an individual, business, group, product or the government. Defamation can include both written statements (libel) that smear an image and spoken statements (slander) that disparage an image. Defamation laws are slightly different in each state. For example, Kansas has specific defamation laws that apply within the state.
Kansas is one of only a few states that has criminal defamation laws. These require a higher standard of proof for conviction. The higher threshold of proof is "actual malice" for a party to be convicted of defamation in Kansas. This level of malice requires that the party must actually know that the statements or printed statements are false. One exception to this threshold of "knowing" occurs in instances where the party should have known the statements were false. For example, an individual should know that his neighbor is not actually an alien from another planet.
Defamatory Per Se
Kansas additionally recognizes that certain cases of statements qualify as "defamatory per se." This means that the parties seeking justice do not have to actually prove the statement was "defamatory." This follows the common law tradition that the damages for these "per se" statements are presumed. The following examples usually qualify under this "per se" distinction: allegations or imputations that are injurious to a party in his trade, profession or business, allegations that an individual has a "loathsome" disease (such as a STD), allegations that an individual is lacking in chastity, and allegations of criminal activity or conviction.
"In Kansas, defamation is defined as a harmful false statement(s) of fact, made to a third party, without the consent of the person or business referenced in the statement(s). Libel is written or graphic defamation; slander is auditory or spoken defamation.
What Plaintiffs Need To Prove To Win A Slander or Libel Lawsuit in Kansas
To win a defamation lawsuit in Kansas, the plaintiff must prove that the statement:
- Is false;
- Caused material or reputational harm to befall the plaintiff;
- Was made by the defendant about the plaintiff;
Additionally, Kansas defamation plaintiffs must prove that the defendant acted either negligent or with actual malice.
Kansas Defamation Statute of Limitations
A civil suit brought against a defendant for libel or slander must be brought within one year from the time the original statement was made."
as well as the employer for mis-conduct actions taken after returning to work after 4 month non-work related disability & FMLA leave. Do I have a case against both?
If your employer was engaged in misconduct you have rights on Labor at both the State and Federal level. You may have not only have a legal case against them in court there may be other complaints against the employer available to you depending on the stuation.