Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
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Unfortunately, employment in the state of Iowa is "at will" absent an express agreement to the contrary. At will employment can be terminated for any reason not amounting to discrimination on the basis of a legally protected trait (race, religion, gender, etc.) or retaliation for engaging in certain forms of legally protected conduct (filing a wage claim, taking FMLA leave, etc.). It doesn't matter whether the basis for termination is fair, reasonable or even true. This means an employee can be terminated for leaving behind their work keys. However, since you didn't actually "quit" but were terminated you should be eligible for unemployment benefits (quitting typically results in disqualification, but you need to have actually quit, your employer calling it a "quit" isn't what matters).
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