Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
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Unfortunately, unless you had a contract requiring you to provide two weeks notice or guaranteeing your terms of employment for a specific duration, your employment was purely "at will." This means that your employer can change the terms of your employment at any time, and can even fire you in response to you giving notice of your intent to quit. Therefore, the reduction to minimum wage, while extremely unfair, does not violate any law as no law requires your employer to continue employing you pursuant to the previous terms.
As for your vacation time, KY law only requires your employer to pay unused vacation upon separation of employment if there is a contract or policy expressly so requiring. Otherwise, they can deny payment of any unused vacation when an employee quits or is fired. So, you would need to review your contract and handbook to determine what it says about vacation payment. If there is a clause requiring payment, then you can file a wage claim with the Kentucky Labor Cabinet.
I hope that you find this information helpful.