Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
Unfortunately no. Short term disability, as a state or federal function, doesn't exist. Only long term disability. This is why no one had heard of it.
For one to have any ability to obtain short term assistance, that is a function of private insurance that employers sometimes offer, or that a person can obtain themselves (prior to the need for it).
I wish I could tell you differently here, but that is a void in coverage for people.