I hope this message finds you well, present circumstances excluded. I am a licensed attorney with over a decade of employment law experience. It is a pleasure to assist you today.
This is a tough situation and is one that at first will require patience. First things first, take a look at your employee handbook or policy and procedures manual and make sure that they are not violating your rights relative to this specific employer. Generally speaking, an employer can place an employee on leave with or without pay and does not have to give written notice. That said, if the policy and procedures state that you are afforded more, which is often the case when dealing with government sector employment, then your due process rights may be being violated and you would be entitled to some form of relief. So, that is the first thing you need to look at and it carries over to the next thing.
If you believe or have evidence that you are being discriminated against based on your age, race, gender or if you have a disability, then you need to immediately meet with your local EEOC office and file a complaint for discrimination. The EEOC will look at the matter and if they find merit, allow you to sue in federal court for damages and attorney fees.
If the employer terminates you after you file an EEOC complaint, you will also have grounds to file a retaliation suit, separate and apart from your discrimination suit.
Since you have been placed on leave, you need to go ahead and get this filing complete with the EEOC so as to cut them off at the pass...so to speak. When you meet with the EEOC be sure you are familiar with the policy and procedure relative to being placed on leave. If they have violated their own policy, then you will have better ammo to use with the EEOC in showing discrimination in the workplace.
Let me know if you have any other questions or comments.
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Best wishes going forward!