Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
In short, yes. The employer cannot reduce your rate of pay without first giving you written notice of the change. Moreover, they cannot without from your check for money they allege that you owe without giving your written notice and arguably an opportunity to contest what is claimed to be owed. Moreover, they cannot garnish wages (as in an order of garnishment) without a court order.
You have many issues here in which you can context what is going on with your employer. You need to contact the Department of Labor. If you feel as though this treatment is based upon discrimination based on your age, race, gender or disability, then you have a case for discrimination that can be filed with the EEOC.
As it stands right now, you certainly appear to have a valid complaint for unlawful business practices relative to the treatment that you have received.
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