Thank you for your question. I look forward to working with you to provide you the information you are seeking for educational purposes only.
Your friend is right the department of labor will pursue the business for payment of wages
as it is against FL law and federal law to not pay wages when due. Your friend can file a complaint with the department of labor for a wage claim or your friend can also file suit himself in small claims court against the owner.
If your friend was working in the US without a proper work visa, while he would be able to still sue and recover his money or make a complaint with the department of labor to recover his money, this would be reported to immigration as well and your friend could be denied entry back into the US for up to 10 years, so you need to have him consider this if he was not working here legally with a valid work visa. If he had a valid work visa, not just a tourist visa, then he needs to file his complaint with the department of labor and they will assist in pursuing his claim against the employer.
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