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If you live in the state of New York, NY labor
law applies regardless of the state in which your employer resides. In the state of NY, employment is presumed to be "at will
" absent an express agreement to the contrary, meaning that either employer or employee can terminate the employment relationship at any time for just about any reason.
There is absolutely nothing to stop an individual who is presently on diability--long term or short term--from searching for and accepting a position at another company. This is entirely within the bounds of the "at will" arrangement, provided the employee has not signed any sort of contract which specifically prohibits them from leaving within a designated time frame.
In short, an employee in your circumstance is entirely free to look for other work. Assuming you are an at-will employee, as most individuals are, the employment relationship can be terminated at any time, and it is immaterial that you are out of disability leave when you accept another job.
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