Thank you for your question.
You have the right to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid time off work to help a family member care for a serious medical condition under the FMLA
You may ask to rearrange your schedule to accommodate this time off. The FMLA regulations state (in section 825 CFR 203 (d)) that "An employee may not be required to take more FMLA leave than necessary to address the circumstance that precipitated the need for the leave…" An employer who demands that you take off the entire day would be in
violation of the FMLA. Furthermore the regulations make clear that an employee may not be made to suffer adverse consequences because FMLA leave is taken.
The employee must make a “reasonable effort” to schedule the planned medical treatment so as not to “disrupt unduly the employer’s operations”. It is usually a good idea to consult with your
supervisor prior to making appointments to try to arrange a mutually agreeable treatment schedule. This does not mean the employer can deny you the time off for appointments, only that they can require that you “make a reasonable effort” to schedule so as not to "disrupt
unduly." If your health care provider can only provide you (or your covered family member)necessary treatment during the workday, then time off must be given.
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