Hello I am a licensed attorney here to help you with your question, please review my response and do not hesitate to ask for clarification
This is a common issue,
Are the nurses salaried or paid hourly?
Do you have a no smoking policy?
Under the law, an employer cannot impose a monetary fine, for these issues,
however, you can create a policy where the employer takes away PTO or other benefits given to employees, if a new policy makes this clear to employees,
Typically an employer would terminate or suspend an employee for their failure to follow rules,
however the law requires an employer to check the employees time, so if they overstay overtime is required.
In terms of a fine for these matters, if the employer authorizes such a fine in writing, and it is a clear policy, and it does not take the employees wage below minimum wage, it could be allowed, however it is risky, and the better alternative is a reduction of benefits.
Another option is to create a bonus structure,
where you reduce all employees hourly rate, and advise them they will be given performance bonuses if they do not violate rules,
Thank you so much. You have presented some great alternatives and positive reinforcement. Hopefully, a bonus system will be cheaper than overtime.
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