Employment Law Questions? Ask an Employment Lawyer.
You may very well have recourse against the surgeon that performed the procedure... but a lawyer would need to know if the surgeon did something wrong or made a mistake. In order to know whether this is the case or not, lawyers need a medical opinion from another doctor telling us whether this is common or unavoidable for hip replacements, or whether there was some negligence on the part of the surgeon. If there was, then you would be able to recover for medical malpractice.
Most medical malpractice lawyers will want you to come in with an opinion from a doctor stating that there was something done wrong. Doctors don't have to be perfect when performing procedures, they are held to the professional standard of others in the same line of work.
So the first thing to do would be get an opinion on whether this is a mistake or whether it is just a common side effect of hip replacements. You can talk to a lawyer first, and some will refer you to a doctor for an opinion.