They can not. Since you quit they do not have to pay out the vacation until the final pay period check that you would have received after this past week of work but they do by law have to pay it out. They can use two of your vacation days for the days you called in sick (if you didn't have any sick days accrued).
If they want to continue giving you a hard time then you need to contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and Department of Labor Offices in your area and file a complaint to have your case opened. One or both (depending on the details of your claim) will open a case and if you win you could be entitled to vacation wages, and other compensation and the employer could be cited and fined. You can find a local office for each by going to http://www.eeoc.gov/ and http://www.dol.gov/
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No. You have a claim and I would contact the Department of Labor today. All the two weeks notice does is give them notice of your last day. During that two weeks you can use all of your sick days if you wanted to and by law they must pay you for all unused vacation time when you leave.
No. At this point I would file with the EEOC and the DOL. Both will get involved and take care of this for you. Company policies can not be made up as they go along and they must be disclosed in advance (while you were an employee) in order to be found legally effective by the EEOC and DOL.
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