Education Law Questions? Ask an Education Lawyer
Yes, a school can question a student regarding a disciplinary proceeding without the parents being present.
There are however safeguards and procedural rights in place for students facing discipline, or subject to discipline, by their school (much of which is dependent on written school policies as opposed to the state ed code, so you will want to get a copy of the school's policy in addition to the following link): http://saclaw.org/articles/school-discipline-edl/ gives you a good overview of the basic protections, but also has excellent resources embedded which give you much more detailed discussions and resources to supplement this overview.
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