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Dogs do chew excessively while teething but at 10 months of age, your boy should be pretty much done with teething. Providing him with lots of stimulating toys to chew on may help if this is just a case of boredom. A kong with treat compartments can be filled with peanut butter or yogurt and frozen which will keep a dog busy for hours. Dogs also get bored if all their toys are available all the time, so rotate them weekly.
Dogs experiencing separation anxiety are often destructive as well, so this might be the problem as well. There are some things that can help with separation anxiety. First thing is to take your dog for a nice long walk in the morning before you leave, preferably 30 minutes or long. Make it a long, quick paced walk to tire your boy out.
Second is to use a low-key approach to leaving the house. Ignore your dog before you leave and after you come home for at least 5 minutes or more. If your house is like mine in the morning everyone is running around getting ready to leave. This has the dog in an excited mood and then suddenly he is alone. If this is the case, put him away from everyone, say in a bathroom until the frenzy is over. Keep him guessing as to whether you are leaving or not. Pick up your keys but then don't leave, or leave without putting on your coat or keys or other things like that.
Don't punish or shout at your dog when you come home and find he's destroyed things. When you do, you increase his stress level rather than reduce it. You can prevent this behavior by crating your dog every time you leave.
Sometimes leaving a TV or radio on can help a dog with this problem as well. Also remember to not reward a dog's excitement to you with petting and affection or even eye contact. You want to show him nice calm praise when he is being calm. You can also try practicing alone time by having him spend time away from you in a crate or other area away from you for short periods of time when you are home.
These should help his separation anxiety and boredom and help curb his chewing. It will not be an overnight cure and will take work on your and your family’s part to be consistent in your interaction with him.
It really is important that this behavior changes as the ingestion of foreign objects may eventually cause a bowel obstruction and you may lose him. You might also try a DAP collar or diffuser. They emit a pheromone similar to the one a mother uses to calm her nursing pups. It has been proven to help with separation anxiety. You might use the collar and training. Leave him in the house and leave for a few minutes. Come back in and if nothing has been destroyed, reward him with a tasty treat. Gradually extend the time you are gone in order for him to get a treat. You also need to vary the time gone from 2 minutes to the extended period so that he doesn't know if you will be gone a half hour or 2 minutes. This will help him learn to deal with being separated from you.
The whining seems to be something he has learned to do to get your attention. The best way to stop this behavior is to not respond to it. Instead, when he stops whining for a minute or two, then pay him attention or give him a tasty hot dog treat. He will learn quickly with positive reinforcement.
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Since there have been recalls on certain foods, please check the following site to be sure the food your animals eat is not affected. If it is affected, contact your vet as soon as possible. Have your dog seen if they have any symptoms.